Showing posts with label News Alert. Show all posts
Showing posts with label News Alert. Show all posts

Dec 18, 2019

Paul Manafort’s fraud case in New York was dismissed, blocking local prosecutors’ effort to undercut a potential Trump pardon

Shayna Jacobs



NEW YORK — A state court judge in Manhattan dismissed Paul Manafort’s residential mortgage fraud case Wednesday, deciding the local charges against President Trump’s former campaign chairman amounted to a double-jeopardy violation.
Manafort, 70, who was previously convicted in a pair of federal cases related to special counsel Robert S. Muller III’s investigation of election interference in 2016, was hospitalized in recent days and excused from appearing in court.

Dec 17, 2019

Rick Gates sentenced to 45 days in jail, 3 years probation for conspiracy and lying to FBI in Mueller probe

Spencer S. Hsu



BREAKING: Rick Gates was sentenced to 45 days in jail and three years probation for conspiracy and lying to the FBI. The jail time can be served over weekends or on a schedule developed in agreement with federal officials. This story will be updated.
Rick Gates, once the indispensable right-hand man to former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort and a star witness in special counsel Robert S. Mueller III’s Russia probe, is being sentenced Tuesday morning in federal court in Washington.
A globe-trotting lobbyist who for a decade helped manage Manafort’s affairs in Ukraine and London, Gates, 47, pleaded guilty in February 2018 to lying to the FBI and conspiring to conceal tens of millions of dollars earned from lucrative lobbying work he and Manafort had done for Ukraine.
Gates, dressed in a dark suit, white shirt and light blue tie, appeared relaxed as U.S. District Judge Amy Berman Jackson began the proceedings by noting she had read letters supporting a lenient sentence.
Gates’s original plea deal called for a possible five- or six-year prison term, but federal prosecutors in court filings last week said they would not oppose his attorney’s request for no prison time, citing “extraordinary assistance” in the special counsel investigation, which sought to learn whether any Americans conspired with Russian efforts to influence the 2016 election.
“Under exceedingly difficult circumstances and under intense public scrutiny, Gates has worked earnestly to provide the government with everything it has asked of him and has fulfilled all obligations under his plea agreement,” Assistant U.S. Attorney Molly Gaston wrote in a sentencing recommendation this month.
Gates’s attorney requested probation and community service.
“We submit that Richard Gates has accepted responsibility for his misconduct in every way possible,” his attorney, Thomas Green, wrote.
Several former members of the special counsel team came to court for the sentencing, including Andrew Weissmann, who oversaw the Manafort investigation. He warmly greeted both Gates and his lawyer Thomas Green. The U.S. Attorney’s Office for the District assumed the case in March when the special counsel probe concluded.
Gates, of Richmond, has complied with three congressional subpoenas and spent more than 500 hours with federal and state prosecutors, Green said. He cooperated with prosecutors while caring for his wife, whom supporters said was diagnosed with breast cancer this year, and their four children.
Tuesday’s sentencing comes more than two years after Gates and Manafort became the first individuals publicly charged in Mueller’s investigation of Russian election interference, in October 2017.
Manafort served as Donald Trump’s campaign chairman until August 2016, when he resigned as word of his Ukraine work surfaced. However, Gates remained until Election Day, working at one point for the Republican National Committee, and then became deputy chairman of Trump’s inaugural committee.
While Manafort battled some of his charges through trial and reneged on a plea deal by lying to prosecutors after admitting guilt to other offenses, Gates never backtracked from his plea or cooperation.
Gates voluntarily admitted to criminal conduct that prosecutors did not previously know of and pledged to keep cooperating “in several ongoing matters” after his sentencing, prosecutors said.
Gates is one of six Trump aides or associates convicted in cases arising from the special counsel probe, and he served as a witness in three trials. He provided firsthand insights into the president’s senior aides and activities and gave information used in a dozen search warrant applications, the government said.
During a 2018 trial of Manafort in Virginia, Manafort’s defense attorneys hammered Gates’s credibility, pressing him to admit to jurors that he had embezzled from Manafort, kept mistresses and doctored tax returns.
But Gates’s testimony proved crucial, leading the Virginia jury to convict Manafort, who later pleaded guilty in another federal case in Washington.
Manafort was sentenced early this year to 7½ years in prison in both cases for conspiring to defraud the United States by concealing $30 million of what he earned while working for a Russia-backed political party in Ukraine; conspiring to tamper with witnesses; and committing bank and tax fraud to buy properties and support his lavish lifestyle.
The conduct at the heart of the charges against both men mostly predated their time on the campaign and Mueller’s appointment in 2017.
Jackson presided over Manafort’s case in Washington and two other trials in which Gates testified for the government: against Trump confidante Roger Stone and Democratic power lawyer Gregory B. Craig.
Gates was in court as a witness in August assisting Mueller’s spinoff probe of Washington lobbyists and the foreign influence industry. He testified for the government in the prosecution of Craig, a former top legal adviser to presidents Barack Obama and Bill Clinton. Craig was found not guilty at trial in September of lying to the Justice Department to conceal media contacts in 2012 related to his work with Manafort for the Ukrainian government.
In Stone’s trial in November, Gates revealed details of the Trump campaign’s intense interest in emails that the government alleged were hacked by Russia and released by the anti-secrecy group WikiLeaks to derail Trump’s Democratic opponent, Hillary Clinton.
Gates’s testimony included describing a phone call between Stone and Trump at a key moment in the campaign in late July 2016, in which Gates said Trump seemed to discuss WikiLeaks, calling into question the president’s assertion to Mueller’s office that he did not recall such discussions with his longtime friend.
As part of Gates’s plea, he admitted to conspiring to defraud the United States with Manafort, including keeping $3 million himself. He also pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI during an interview in which he was trying to secure a plea deal.
The charge of lying concerned Gates’s claim that a March 2013 meeting with a lobbyist and a congressman did not include a discussion of Ukraine.
“Gates’ cooperation has been steadfast,” Gaston wrote, “despite the fact that the government has asked for his assistance in high profile matters, against powerful individuals, in the midst of a particularly turbulent environment.”

Jun 20, 2019

News Alert I Iran shoots down US drone

Julian Borger


Iran says US ‘spy’ drone was flying in its airspace amid strained relations over last week’s oil tanker attacks
A US Navy Global Hawk surveillance drone.

A US Navy Global Hawk surveillance drone. Photograph: Erik Hildebrandt/US Navy
Iran has shot down an US drone in the strait of Hormuz, accusing Washington of breaching Iran’s national sovereignty and trying to deepen tensions in the region.
Iran’s Revolutionary Guards said on Thursday that they had used a surface to air missile to shoot down what they called a US “spy” drone they claimed was flying in the country’s airspace.
US Central Command confirmed that one of its unmanned aircraft had been taken down, but said it was in international airspace. A CentCom spokesman, Capt Bill Urban said it was a US navy Global Hawk surveillance drone, which had been downed by an Iranian surface-to-air missile over the Strait of Hormuz at 11.35pm GMT.
“Iranian reports that the aircraft was over Iran are false. This was an unprovoked attack on a U.S. surveillance asset in international airspace,” Urban said.
The US military accused Iran last week of firing a missile at another drone that responded to the oil tanker attacks near the Gulf of Oman.
Tensions in the Gulf have been heightened since 13 June, when the US accused Iran of attacking two tankers in the the Gulf of Oman with mines. The US military released footage it said showed the Iranian military removing an unexploded mine from the side of one of the tankers. There have also allegedly been Iranian-inspired attacks on US oil and military assets in Iraq, and increasingly sophisticated weaponry being fired into Saudi Arabia by Houthi rebels.
The Iranian state news agency said the downed drone was an RQ-4 Global Hawk. “It was shot down when it entered Iran’s airspace near the Kouhmobarak district in the south,” the Revolutionary Guards’ website added.
The secretary of Iran’s supreme national security council, Ali Shamkhani, had said on Wednesday that Tehran would respond to any intrusion into its airspace or waters.
Shamkhani emphasised that Iran robustly protects its aerial and maritime borders, describing its airspace as the country’s “red line”. “No matter whose plane trespasses into it, we have always given and will give a harsh response to intruders.”
He insisted Iran was the guarantor of security in the Gulf and strait of Hormuz.
The chairman of the Iranian parliament’s national security and foreign policy commission, Heshmatollah Falahatpisheh, urged the Iranian government to file a complaint to the United Nations on the alleged US drone intrusion into its territory. He said: “US drone intrusion to the Iranian airspace is clear violation of the UN charter and national sovereignty of the country.”
Both Washington and Tehran insist they are intent on avoiding a war as tensions build over the consequences of the US withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal in May 2018, but fears that an accidental chain of events will lead to escalation and finally a military confrontation are growing.
The shooting down of the drone came as the US president, Donald Trump, was briefed on the details of a separate incident: a further missile strike in Saudi Arabia that appeared to come from Iran-backed Houthi rebels in Yemen.
The White House spokeswoman, Sarah Sanders, said on Wednesday in relation to the Saudi missile strike: “We are closely monitoring the situation and continuing to consult with our partners and allies.”
‘Does the president have the power to declare war?’: Democrats grill Trump official on Iran – video
Iran-aligned Houthis in Yemen, who ousted the internationally recognised Saudi-backed government in late 2014, have stepped up missile and drone attacks on Saudi civilian, military and oil installations in the past two weeks. Saudi Arabia claims Iranian experts are advising the Houthis.
The US has deployed an aircraft carrier to the Middle East in recent weeks and added additional troops to the tens of thousands already in the region.
Iran has set a deadline of 27 June by which it will breach limits on uranium stockpiles set out in the nuclear deal, a development likely to lead to renewed US demands that the EU states France, Germany and Britain join the US in pulling out of the deal. Iran says it is gradually suspending its adherence to the deal in response to the economic stranglehold being imposed on the country by US sanctions.

A meeting of the joint commission that oversees the deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, is due to meet on 28 June in Vienna – bringing together Iran, the three EU states, China, as well as Russia. The EU will urge Iran not to take further steps to pull out of the deal, and may put Iran’s actions into the JCPOA’s lengthy dispute mechanism.

Source: The Guardian

Jul 13, 2018

After berating his British hosts, Trump lauds Theresa May in bid to ease tensions I News Alert I The Washington Post.

washingtonpost.com

After berating his British hosts, Trump lauds Theresa May in bid to ease tensions



President Trump and British Prime Minister Theresa May hold a joint news conference.
ELLESBOROUGH, England —  President Trump sought Friday to tamp down tensions with British Prime Minister Theresa May, saying the leaders had a “very, very strong” relationship — hours after publication of an interview in which he questioned May’s handling of “Brexit,” praised her deposed foe Boris Johnson and threatened to upend the trade relationship between the two countries.
The bombshell interview with the Sun, U.S. media mogul Rupert Murdoch’s British tabloid, landed as Trump was receiving a grand welcome from May, including a black-tie gala and an elaborate outdoor ceremony at Blenheim Palace, the birthplace of Winston Churchill.
The two displayed warm chemistry at the dinner, U.S. and European officials said, with Trump praising May, and the publication of the interview had the potential to disrupt the carefully choreographed visit.
“May has wrecked Brexit . . . US deal is off!” the Sun’s front page screamed in capital letters.
By Friday morning, Trump’s comments were dominating British news coverage of the visit and causing additional headaches for the politically vulnerable May, whose approval ratings are low and whose country is struggling with its scheduled exit from the European Union. The White House issued a statement — partially written by Trump — that praised May as “terrific.” 
“We talked for an hour and a half, and it was really something,” Trump said at Chequers, the British prime minister’s country home, upon his arrival Friday morning.

British Prime Minister Theresa May and President Trump prepare for a meeting at Chequers, the prime minister's country residence, near Ellesborough, northwest of London on July 13, 2018. (Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images)
The president then lauded May for her work on NATO, a day after the conclusion of a two-day summit in Brussels that he jolted with dramatic reversals, excoriations of allies and demands for more allied defense spending. 
While appearing with May, Trump made a mocking gesture to a reporter who screamed a question about his comments in the Sun — and did not answer.
At Chequers on Friday morning, May did not mention Trump’s interview, instead saying the two leaders would have a conversation on trade, security and NATO spending, among other issues. 
The two were holding a joint meeting and a bilateral news conference Friday afternoon — when both leaders were likely to face questions over Trump’s comments.
In the Sun interview, Trump berated May for her Brexit strategy, warned that her plan could jeopardize any trade deal between their two countries and touted Johnson, her political rival who resigned as British foreign secretary earlier this week over May’s Brexit plans. Trump praised Johnson as a “great” potential prime minister. 
If May follows through on her Brexit plan, “ that would probably end a major trade relationship with the United States,” Trump told the Sun in the 28-minute interview, which was published at 11 p.m. here on Thursday night. He added: “I would have done it much differently. I actually told Theresa May how to do it, but she didn’t agree, she didn’t listen to me.”
In the interview, Trump chastised another nemesis — London Mayor Sadiq Khan — accusing him of having done a “very bad job on terrorism.” Trump also criticized the influx of migrants into Europe, saying it “changed the fabric” of the continent. 
The rhetoric in the interview was stark even by the standards of Trump, who had already provoked an international uproar at the NATO summit in Brussels. He accused Germany, a frequent target of his ire, of being “totally controlled” by Russia and prompted an emergency session of the alliance with his demands for increased defense spending. 
Trump’s remarks to the Sun took Britain’s political class here by surprise. U.S. officials said that while Trump made the comments attributed to him in the interview conducted in Brussels, he also had more praise for May in parts of it that were not published.
Several members of May’s Conservative Party castigated the president for what they called his rudeness. Universities Minister Sam Gyimah said, “Where are your manners, Mr. President?”
Another Tory pushed back on Trump’s dismissal of May and his support for Johnson. Margot James, a digital industries minister, tweeted, “No Mr President Boris Johnson would make a terrible PM.”
But there was some support for Trump’s remarks from supporters of what is known as a “hard Brexit.” The leader of the group of Conservative backbenchers who want a clear decisive break with the European Union, Jacob Rees-Mogg, told BBC Radio on Friday morning that it was a “perfectly reasonable thing for an American president to say.”
Reaction from May’s government was circumspect — and remained hopeful.
Alan Duncan, a Foreign Office minister, told BBC Radio that Trump made his remarks to the Sun on Wednesday and that he had not been fully briefed on May’s proposal, which was released Thursday in a dense, detailed, jargon-filled white paper of almost 100 pages.
“Events have move on somewhat,” Duncan explained, “because even as [Trump] was giving that interview, the white paper was being published in London. And so now that the details of the white paper are clear, the president and the prime minister will be able to discuss this in more detail at Chequers today, with more information than he might have had in Brussels.”
Philip Hammond, the British chancellor of the exchequer, said that once Trump hears May explain her plan, the president will come around.
May, who has sought a warm relationship with Trump amid difficulties, has planned an elaborate trip in a bid to build bonhomie. It is Trump’s first trip as president to Britain, where he is unpopular. 
Trump has largely kept away from London — where a large “Baby Trump” balloon is up in the middle of town mocking him. Instead, he was whisked by helicopter to Churchill’s home for an elaborate dinner with British business officials and his friends. On Friday morning, he was taken to a military exercise in an attempt to show that Britain is tough on terrorism, followed by an afternoon meeting at Chequers. 
Dawsey and Booth reported from London.
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Jul 12, 2018

Ghostly neutrinos from a distant blazar detected in Antarctica by IceCube I News Alert I The Washington Post,

washingtonpost.com

Ghostly neutrinos from a distant blazar detected in Antarctica by IceCube



When the sun was young and faint and the Earth was barely formed, a gigantic black hole in a distant, brilliant galaxy spat out a powerful jet of radiation. That jet contained neutrinos — subatomic particles so tiny and difficult to detect they are nicknamed “ghost particles.”
Four billion years later, at Earth’s South Pole, 5,200 sensors buried more than a mile beneath the ice detected a single ghostly neutrino as it interacted with an atom. Scientists then traced the particle back to the galaxy that created it.
The cosmic achievement, reported Thursday by a team of more than 1,000 researchers in the journal Science, is the first time scientists have detected a high-energy neutrino and been able to pinpoint where it came from. It heralds the arrival of a new era of astronomy in which researchers can learn about the universe using neutrinos as well as ordinary light.
This is physics at its most mind-boggling and extreme. Researchers compared the breakthrough to the 2017 detection of ripples in space time caused by colliding dead stars, which added gravitational waves to scientists’ toolbox for observing the cosmos.
Neutrinos are so small that they seldom bump into atoms so humans can't feel them. They don't shed light, so our eyes can't see them. Yet these very qualities make them invaluable for conveying information across time and space, scientists say. Light can be blocked and gravitational waves can be bent, but neutrinos are unscathed as they travel from the most violent events in the universe into a detector at the bottom of the Earth.
Scientists call the kinds of signals they can detect through space, like radio waves or gravitational waves or now neutrinos, “messengers.” If you're trying to understand complex and chaotic phenomena happening billions of light-years away, it's helpful to have a messenger like a neutrino: one that doesn't get lost.
“They're very clean, they have simple interactions, and that means every single neutrino interaction tells you something,” said Heidi Schellman, a particle physicist at Oregon State University and computing coordinator for a different neutrino detection project, the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment, who was not involved with the new research.
Neutrinos arrive on Earth at varying energy levels, which are signatures of the processes that created them. By pairing neutrino detections with light observations, Schellman said, scientists will be able to answer questions about distant cataclysms, test theories about the composition of the universe, and refine their understanding of the fundamental rules of physics.

The IceCube lab lit by stars and the southern lights. (Martin Wolf/IceCube/NSF)
The high-energy neutrino reported Thursday was created in the fast-moving swirl of matter around a supermassive black hole at the center of the galaxy. When this black hole generates a brilliant jet of radiation, and that jet is aimed directly at Earth, scientists call the galaxy a “blazar.” Subsequent analysis revealed this blazar had also produced a flare of more than a dozen neutrino events several years earlier.
The new discovery, from the South Pole neutrino detector called IceCube, has also solved a mystery that stumped scientists for generations: What is the source of mysterious cosmic rays? These extremely energetic particles have been detected raining down from space since 1912, but researchers could not figure out what phenomenon could produce particles moving at such high speeds.
Astroparticle physicist and IceCube spokesman Darren Grant said it’s as though scientists have spent 100 years listening to thunder with their eyes closed and never known what caused the booming sound. It wasn't until they looked up and saw lightning that the spectacle finally made sense. Both sound and light — or in this case, cosmic rays and neutrinos — are coming from the same event.
“That’s why this is exciting,” Grant said of the neutrino detection. “It’s a brand new vision on what's happening in the universe.”
What is a neutrino?
Our universe is suffused with neutrinos, so named because they are uncharged (or “neutral”) and infinitesimally puny (about a millionth of the mass of an electron). They are created in nuclear reactions — at power plants, in the center of the sun, and amid even more extreme events — when protons accelerate, collide and then shatter in a shower of energetic particles.
Neutrinos are the second most abundant type of particle in the universe, after photons. If you held your hand toward the sky, about a billion neutrinos from the sun would pass through it in a single second.
But you wouldn't feel their presence, because these ethereal particles rarely interact with normal matter. Unless a neutrino bumps right up against another particle, it passes through matter undisturbed and undetected.
And the reality is, most of what we call “matter” is just empty space. If a hydrogen atom were the size of Earth, the proton at its center would fit inside the Ohio State football stadium. The electron orbiting it would be even smaller, and a neutrino could be compared to a lone ant.

Neutrinos are said to come in “flavors” — called electron, muon and tau — and on the rare occasions that they collide with other matter they generate corresponding charged particles. Many neutrino detectors work by looking for the flash of light emitted by these charged particles as they move through water or ice.
Flavored specks that are found everywhere yet felt by no one; matter that seems solid but is actually mostly empty — this is the bizarre science of particle physics. It's difficult to wrap your mind around, and almost hard to believe.
Yet scientists assure us they are not just making things up. Since the 1950s, when neutrinos were detected for the first time, researchers have observed low-energy versions of these ghostly particles coming from the sun and a 1987 supernova in a nearby galaxy. Maps of neutrinos emanating from the surface of the Earth have even been used to identify the sites of nuclear reactors.
But high-energy neutrinos, generated only in extreme environments where protons are accelerated to astonishing speeds, have been harder to pin down. To be detected, a neutrino had to form long ago in a far away cataclysm, travel across intergalactic space, fly through our galaxy, enter our solar system, sail on to Earth, and then happen to interact with a particle minding its own business in the ice below the South Pole.
And, in a process that seems just as improbable, in the time since the neutrino left its source 4 billion years ago, life on Earth had to arise, expand, and evolve to the point that a few enterprising Homo sapiens were willing to go to the extreme effort of detecting it.
“It's crazy,” said Chad Finley, an astroparticle physicist at Stockholm University who spent 10 years working as point source coordinator for the IceCube team. “These are particles that seldom interact with anything. That has to be the unluckiest neutrino ever.”
On the other hand, he mused, he and his colleagues are some pretty lucky humans.
“Ghost” hunting on ice
This was the detection scientists were dreaming of when the National Science Foundation began building the $279 million IceCube Neutrino Observatory in 2005. Working during the South Pole summer, when the sun never sets and temperatures hover at a balmy negative 18 degrees Fahrenheit, scientists and engineers melted dozens of mile-deep holes in the ice and dropped strings of spherical sensors into them. (Neutrino detectors are typically buried or submerged to filter out other cosmic signals that would obscure the tiny particles.)
The result was a grid array of sensors spread across a cubic kilometer of glacier and capable of catching a ghost. The sensors record the energy level and direction of the flash of light emitted by the charged particle created when a neutrino crashes into other matter. From that information, scientists can extrapolate the energy level of the neutrino and where it came from.

Since the observatory was completed in 2010, IceCube scientists have detected dozens of high-energy neutrinos coming from outside the solar system. But they were never able to connect those particles with a source that could be observed by conventional telescopes.
Establishing such a connection was a “holy grail of the field,” Finley said, in large part because of the link between neutrinos and the enigma of cosmic rays. These are extremely energetic protons and atomic nuclei moving through space at almost the speed of light. They're considered one of the threats to humans on a potential mission to Mars: During the months-long journey through space, cosmic rays would damage the cells of astronauts and could cause radiation sickness.
But unlike neutrinos, cosmic rays have a charge, which means their path can be deflected by magnetic fields. This allows Earth's magnetic field to protect us from these powerful particles, but it also makes it impossible for scientists to figure out where the particles come from.
Extensive research suggests that whatever process accelerates protons to such speeds also generates high-energy neutrinos. So if IceCube could figure out where neutrinos were coming from — a task made simpler by the fact that neutrinos are such dependable “messengers” — they'd know the source of cosmic rays as well.
“Neutrinos are the smoking gun,” Finley said.

An IceCube sensor is dropped into a mile-deep hole in the Antarctic ice (Mark Krasberg, IceCube/NSF)
On Sept. 22, an alert went out to the international astronomy community: IceCube had seen the signature of a muon neutrino coming from just above the right shoulder of the constellation Orion in the night sky.
Swiftly, scores of scientists began pointing their telescopes in that direction, staring at the right region of the universe in every wavelength of the electromagnetic spectrum. Researchers using NASA's Fermi space telescope saw a burst of gamma rays coming from the presumed source. Gamma rays are associated with the particle acceleration that produces both neutrinos and cosmic rays.
Other observatories saw flares of X-rays, radio waves and visible light. Taken together, these observations revealed a blazar — a giant elliptical galaxy with a spinning supermassive black hole at its core. As a blazar spins, twin jets of light and charged particles — one of which is aimed toward Earth — spurt from its poles.
The blazar was given the catchy name “TXS 0506+056" — the first known source of a neutrino, and a possible answer to the century-old cosmic ray mystery.
As a matter of due diligence, Finley suggested that the IceCube team go back through their old data to examine whether any other neutrinos had come from the same direction. He didn't expect to find anything — neutrinos react so rarely that finding more from a single source would be like lightning striking twice in the same spot.
So he was shocked to discover that IceCube had recorded more than a dozen neutrino events from what they now knew was the same blazar between late 2014 and early 2015. It was so improbable that Finley found himself repeating the words uttered by Isidor Isaac Rabi, a Nobel prize-winning U.S. physicist, when he discovered the muon: “Who ordered that?”
“An absolutely beautiful messenger”
Combined with gravitational wave detection and traditional light astronomy, the observation of a neutrino from a known source gives researchers three ways to observe the cosmos, and they say we're now in the era of “multi-messenger astrophysics.” (Since gravitational waves are often described as the way we “hear” the universe and light is how we “see” it, some scientists wondered whether neutrinos would be how we “smell” it.)
Of all these “senses,” neutrinos are in some ways the most reliable. High-energy light from distant sources rarely makes it to Earth, because photons are so reactive they get lost along the way. Neutrinos, on the other hand, will travel in a straight line right from their origin point to a detector.
“It's an absolutely beautiful messenger,” Grant said.

An artist's conception of a blazar. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/GSFC)
Neutrinos' ghostly quality also means they can be used to probe celestial objects light can't penetrate. Schellman pointed out that astronomers using regular telescopes can't see beneath the surface of the sun, but 30 years of observations of the low-energy neutrinos that emanate from our star's center have allowed scientists to peer into its core. By looking at their energy levels, researchers could understand the fusion process that creates the neutrinos and generates the sun's energy. This research also revealed that it takes 100,000 years for energy at the center of the sun to make it to the surface, “which means the sun is going to keep working for at least 100,000 years,” Schellman said.
So that's one disaster Earthlings don't have to worry about.
The neutrinos detected by IceCube are millions of times more energetic than those coming from the sun, but they offer the same kinds of insights into the intense environments from which the particles emanate. The telescopes looking at TXS 0506+056 could only capture what happened on the surface of the blazar; the neutrinos carry signatures of the processes at its very center.
It's in these extreme settings that the laws of nature are stretched to their limits. What neutrinos reveal about the acceleration of charged particles and the voracious behavior of black holes could help scientists refine the rules of physics — or rethink them.
And there are even more energetic neutrinos out there — ones that make the powerful IceCube particles look practically wimpy. To Schellman, this suggests that other, even more chaotic and cataclysmic, sources of neutrinos are still waiting to be found.
“There are things we don’t even know about yet,” she said. “This is just the start.”
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Jun 27, 2018

National security adviser John Bolton, Russian President Vladimir Putin to meet at Kremlin to plan Trump-Putin summit: News Alert I The Washington Post

WashigtonPost.com

National security adviser John Bolton, Russian President Vladimir Putin to meet at Kremlin to plan Trump-Putin summit
Bolton will meet with the Russian president during his visit to Moscow on Wednesday, Putin’s spokesman said.
Bolton is expected to discuss plans for a meeting between President Trump and Putin. The summit is expected to take place during Trump’s scheduled visit to Europe in mid-July. Bolton is scheduled to hold a news conference early Wednesday afternoon Washington time.
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