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Showing posts with label ADVFN III Forex Currency Review -October 12. Show all posts
Showing posts with label ADVFN III Forex Currency Review -October 12. Show all posts

Oct 12, 2012

ADVFN III Forex Currency Review -October 12, 2012-.

Global Forex News from ADVFN

Friday, 12 October 2012

Weekly Market analysis
The Euro-zone will continue to be an important underlying focus as uncertainty surrounding the Spanish and Greek situation continues. Spain will continue to be under intense pressure to make an bailout request which would also facilitate the ECB bond buying programme. There will, however, be the threat of increasing tensions, especially with underlying tensions increasing. Growing fears over the implications of continuing recession and global growth fears will remain an important focus.

Key events for the forthcoming week
Time (GMT)
Data release/event
Monday October 15th
US retail sales
Tuesday October 16th
Germany ZEW survey
Wednesday October 17th
Bank of England MPC minutes
Thursday October 18th
UK retail sales

The US economic releases have maintained a generally mixed tone, but with a slightly more positive tone surrounding spending and employment.  The Federal Reserve has clearly indicated that it will maintain an aggressive monetary policy to cut unemployment and the dollar will, therefore, find it difficult to gain strong support, but there will be expectations that the US economy will out-perform the Euro-zone in the short-term at least which will curb selling. Presidential polls will be watched closely, although the overall impact is likely to be limited. The US currency can still gain significant support from unease surrounding the global growth outlook, especially if Euro-zone fears intensify once again.

The dollar was able to resist further selling pressure during the week, but found it difficult to make much headway and retreated to near 1.30 against the Euro.

The headline US employment report was close to expectations at 114,000, although there were upward revisions to the previous two month’s data which provided some support.  The principal talking point was the decline in unemployment to 7.8% from 8.1% previously, contrary to expectations for a small increase and this was the lowest rate since January 2009. The data boosted confidence surrounding the economy to some extent and there was also some political controversy that the data might have been manipulated. There was also a stronger than expected release for consumer credit which underpinned the spending outlook.

There were further concerns surrounding the global growth outlook following a downgrading of forecasts from the World Bank. The IMF also took a generally downbeat attitude towards growth in its latest report with a warning that the risks of a fresh downturn were very high. There were also concerns over the forthcoming US earnings season with expectations of a weaker results contributing to a generally negative attitude towards risk.

The US trade deficit widened to US$44.2bn for August from a revised US$42.5bn previously with a 1% decline in exports maintaining fears surrounding the global growth outlook. The jobless claims data received greater attention with a sharper than expected decline to a four-year low of 339,000 in the latest week from 369,000 previously, although there were reports that one state was missing key elements of its data which may have pushed the total artificially lower.

There will be still be expectations of a near-term Spanish request for a sovereign support package. There will also be fears that Spain has wasted its best chance by delaying and that it will be much more difficult to secure a satisfactory arrangement if market pressures have already increased. There will be concerns that the ECB will be blocked in its bond-buying plans.  The key issue within the Euro-zone will be continuing recession which will have a major negative impact on economic and political conditions within Spain and the other peripheral economies. In this context, market fears are liable to increase again.

The Euro retreated from peaks seen following the US employment report, but proved broadly resilient with caution over aggressive selling. The strong IMF warning over the Euro-zone crisis had a significant impact in curbing underlying Euro demand with further uncertainty the dominant focus.

The German Finance Ministry continued to state that there was no need for a Spanish bailout request, a line mirrored by other Finance Ministers as Spain effectively remained in limbo. Standard & Poor’s downgrading Spain’s credit rating by two notches to BBB- which is the lowest investment grade.

ECB president Draghi stated that Greece had made some progress, but that there was much more work required. There was also a general tone of disappointment surrounding the Eurogroup meeting with no significant progress on Greece or Spain which also tended to undermine confidence in the Euro. There were also important tensions surrounding German Chancellor Merkel’s visit to Greece with no substantive policy measures under discussion.

There were further concerns that Spain would not look to make an early aid request, a point amplified by ECB officials during the day and there was speculation that the bank might not launch its bond-buying programme until next year.  Although a near-term Spanish request would tend to be seen as positive for the Euro, there were concerns that any prolonged delay would quickly betaken as a negative factor with Spain seen as having missed its chance. There was also further uncertainty surrounding the Greek situation following German Chancellor Merkel’s visit.

Although sentiment towards Spain was damaged by the sovereign-rating downgrade from Standard & Poor’s, there was also speculation that the ratings action would increase pressure on the Spanish government and make it more likely that they would make an early request for aid. In this context, there was a further reluctance to maintain aggressive Euro short positions. There was caution ahead of next week’s EU Summit and a pending Spain ratings announcement from Moody’s.


Overall confidence in the economy will remain very fragile, especially with renewed concerns surrounding the export outlook. There will be further pressure on the Bank of Japan to boost quantitative easing and there will also be demands for the yen to be weakened in order to underpin export competitiveness. The yen can still prove to be broadly resilient, especially given a lack of confidence in the global growth conditions. 

Japanese Prime Minister Noda stated that the government was prepared to take action and act against disorderly yen gains, but there was only a short-term market impact. There was caution ahead of the G7 meetings, although with little expectation that definitive steps would be taken on currencies.  The dollar was unable to break above 79 while there was support on dips to below the 78 level.

The latest machinery orders data was weaker than expected with a 3.3% monthly decline and the latest Bank of Japan minutes were generally downbeat. There will be some surprise that the  central bank did not take further action at the latest meeting given the downbeat minutes.

There was also a comments from the Economy Minister that Japan might decide to intervene to weaken the yen even without US backing which increased concerns over buying the yen aggressively.

Although there will be expectations of an improved third-quarter economic performance,  underlying confidence will remain extremely fragile, especially with concerns surrounding the export outlook after weaker than expected trade data.  The government remains committed to a tightening of fiscal policy and monetary conditions will need to be extremely loose which will trigger underlying selling pressure on Sterling. There will be the potential for increased volatility as safe-haven Sterling demand fluctuates.

Sterling dipped to a two-month low on a trade-weighted index before finding some degree of support and also found support below 1.60 against the dollar.

There was an improvement in the RICS house-price index to -15% from -18% and a stronger figure for the BRC retail sales index which provided some degree of Sterling support. Other data releases were weaker than expected with a 0.5% dip in industrial production for August following a revised 2.8% jump the previous month. The trade gap was significantly wider than expected at GBP9.8bn for August from a revised GBP7.3bn previously and was the second widest shortfall on record.

There was continuing speculation that the Bank of England could sanction additional quantitative easing. Bank of England of Governor King stated that it was the correct decision to let inflation temporarily rise above the target level. A stronger than expected 0.8% NIESR growth estimate for the third quarter also failed to have a major impact as the UK currency was unsettled by a decline in risk appetite.

There were also still important doubts surrounding the domestic economy, especially with fresh concerns surrounding the consumer sending outlook. Bank of England MPC member Weale expressed some concerns over the potential inflation implications of any further quantitative easing, although the overall impact was limited with markets still expecting that the bank will decide to sanction additional bond purchases at the November meeting.

Swiss franc:

There has been some underlying reduction in defensive flows into the Swiss currency.  There will still be fears surrounding the underlying Euro-zone outlook which will maintain the potential for defensive inflows, especially if Spanish and Italian fears intensify.  The National Bank will maintain its determination to resist franc appreciation and there is still the possibility of official negative interest rates or capital controls.

The dollar was unable to sustain a move above 0.94 against the franc and retreated to lows below 0.9350. Although the Euro recovered from lows near 1.2050, it was unable to make much headway as the franc gained support from fears surrounding the global growth outlook.

There were concerns that further delays in Spain requesting a sovereign support package following the ratings downgrade would trigger a renewed flood of capital into the Swiss currency which could put the Euro minimum level under serious pressure again. The franc also gained underlying support from fears surrounding the Euro-zone recession profile.

Swiss consumer prices rose 0.3% for September with an annual decline of 0.4% which maintained underlying unease over potential deflationary pressures.

Australian dollar
The Australian dollar found support on dips towards the 1.0150 area against the US currency during the week and advanced back to a peak above 1.0250. Risk appetite showed some degree of stabilisation during the week on hopes of further Chinese policy action, but there were still important concerns surrounding global growth.

The latest labour-market data was stronger than expected with an employment increase of 14,500 for the month which provided some degree of support

Unease surrounding the domestic growth outlook and continuing vulnerability in the global economy is likely to keep the Australian dollar generally on the defensive.

Canadian dollar:

The Canadian dollar found support close to 0.99 against the US currency during the week and pushed to highs in the 0.9750 area before drifting weaker again as markets struggled for direction.

Energy prices were generally vulnerable during the week which had some negative impact on the Canadian currency. There was a slightly narrower than expected trade deficit which did not have a major impact.

It will still difficult for the Canadian dollar to make significant gains given persistent global growth doubts and unease surrounding the threat of lower commodity prices.

Indian rupee:

The rupee reversed course during the week with four consecutive daily losses before finding support close to 54 against the US currency. Standard & Poor’s stated that there was still an important downgrade risks for the sovereign rating which had a negative impact on sentiment.

There were also concerns that reform optimism was not being met by actual inflows and the currency was also unsettled by increased dollar buying by importers.

Although underlying dollar vulnerability will continue to offer near-term rupee support, the currency will find it difficult to make much headway.

Hong Kong dollar
The Hong Kong dollar found support weaker than 7.7550 against the US currency and pushed to highs around 7.7520 as it approached the strongest level of the band.

The currency gained support from a wider improvement in risk conditions. The currency also secured backing from a stronger Chinese yuan

Medium-term speculation surrounding the Hong Kong peg is liable to increase, especially given the sustained and very loose US monetary policy.

Chinese yuan:

The Chinese yuan strengthened considerably during the week with a 19-year high beyond the 6.27 level against the dollar as the PBOC tolerated appreciation.

There were some speculation that the PBOC was looking for additional yuan appreciation ahead of the November US presidential election in order to soothe political tensions.

There were expectations of further fiscal stimulus and also some evidence of resistance to further cuts in lending rates.  There were still important doubts surrounding the economy which maintained an underlying mood of caution.

The yuan will find it difficult to sustain gains given the domestic economic backdrop as fears over a weaker growth outlook are likely to remain a key feature.

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