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Jul 31, 2019

Employment Cost Index Summary


7-9 minutes


NEWS RELEASE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                                      USDL-19-1386
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, July 31, 2019

Technical information:  (202) 691-6199  •  ncsinfo@bls.gov  • www.bls.gov/ect 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  •  pressoffice@bls.gov


      EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX – June 2019
      
Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.6 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month period 
ending in June 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries increased 0.7 
percent and benefit costs increased 0.5 percent from March 2019. (See tables A, 1, 2, and 3.)

Civilian Workers

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.7 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
June 2019 compared with an increase of 2.8 percent in June 2018. Wages and salaries increased 2.9 
percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2019 and increased 2.8 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in June 2018. Benefit costs increased 2.3 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2019. 
In June 2018, the increase was 2.9 percent. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Private Industry Workers

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.6 percent over the year, compared with a 
compensation cost increase of 2.9 percent in June 2018. Wages and salaries increased 3.0 percent for 
the 12-month period ending in June 2019 and increased 2.9 percent in June 2018. The cost of benefits 
rose 1.8 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2019 and increased 2.8 percent in June 2018. 
(See tables A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Employer costs for health benefits increased 2.3 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2019. 
(For further information, see chart 3 and www.bls.gov/web/eci/echealth.txt.)

Among private industry occupational groups, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period ending 
in June 2019 ranged from 2.1 percent for natural resource, construction, and maintenance occupations to 
3.7 percent for service occupations. (See table 5.)

Among private industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period ending in June 
2019 ranged from 1.0 percent for information to 3.6 percent for leisure and hospitality. (See table 5.)

State and Local Government Workers

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 3.0 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in June 2019. In June 2018, the increase was 2.3 percent. Wages and salaries increased 2.5 percent 
for the 12-month period ending in June 2019 and 1.9 percent a year ago. Benefit costs increased 3.6 percent 
for the 12-month period ending in June 2019. The prior year increase was 3.1 percent. (See tables A, 7, 
11, and 12.)


Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Sep.
2018
Dec.
2018
Mar.
2019
Jun.
2019
Civilian workers
Compensation 0.7 0.6 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.7
Wages and salaries 0.7 0.7 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.9 2.9
Benefits 0.7 0.5 2.9 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.3
Private industry
Compensation 0.7 0.5 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.6
Wages and salaries 0.7 0.6 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Benefits 0.5 0.4 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.4 1.8
State and local government
Compensation 0.7 0.7 2.3 2.5 2.6 3.0 3.0
Wages and salaries 0.6 0.5 1.9 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.5
Benefits 1.0 0.9 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6

(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.

The Employment Cost Index for September 2019 is scheduled for release on October 31, 2019, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request— 
Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

BLS news releases, including the Employment Cost Index, are available through an email subscription service 
at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.

Videos and information graphics explaining the Employment Cost Index and how it is used are available at 
www.bls.gov/eci/videos.htm. 

Highlights of recent National Compensation Survey data are available in The Economics Daily at 
www.bls.gov/opub/ted/national-compensation-survey.htm.

An overview of available BLS compensation measures and an interactive guide on choosing among them are 
available at the BLS Commissioner’s Corner on “Making it Easier to Find Data on Pay and Benefits” at 
blogs.bls.gov/blog/2018/10/24/making-it-easier-to-find-data-on-pay-and-benefits.

The PDF version of the news release

News release charts

Supplemental Files Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: July 31, 2019

Source: BLS


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