Shell game: U.S. traffickers cater to Asia's taste for turtles
Asia, where native populations of turtles have been depleted, is fueling a surge in turtle poaching across the United States, wildlife advocates say.
“Rare species are being stolen from our own backyard for the illegal trade,” said Rachel Kramer, manager at the Washington-based World Wildlife Foundation and Traffic, a non-profit that monitors global wildlife trade.
Capturing or killing many of the species in highest demand is illegal in states where they range.
Many Asian consumers love the taste of their meat or covet turtles with dramatic-looking shells as pets. The turtles’ flashy shells actually evolved as protection from predators in nature.
Poaching devastates wild turtle populations because the reptiles are slow to mature to reproductive age, said biologist Brian Williamson of The Wetlands Institute in Stone Harbor, New Jersey.
“All kinds of animals - including humans - love to eat them. They’re the potato chip of the salt marsh,” Williamson said.
GROWING PROBLEMThe New Jersey case is not an isolated incident.
Two China Eastern Airlines flight attendants were fined in July in federal court in California for attempting to smuggle dozens of spotted turtles in their luggage from Los Angeles to China.
Five men were indicted in March for trafficking diamondback terrapins and spotted turtles captured in North Carolina waters and hidden in packages of noodles and candy being shipped to Hong Kong.
Among the U.S. species in high demand are the spotted turtle, a tiny animal with yellow dots on its shell that sells on the black market in Asia for up to $2,000 each, said Ed Grace, head of law enforcement for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Smugglers also get top dollar for the alligator snapping turtle, an imposing species from the U.S. Southeast with spikes on its shell that resemble a dragon, said Collette Adkins, an attorney with the non-profit Center for Biological Diversity.
Selling for up to $3,000 each, the creatures are considered particularly healthful to eat because turtles symbolize longevity in some Asian cultures, said Williamson. A diamondback can live more than 30 years.
The institute, built on a marsh about 12 miles (19 km) north of Cape May, New Jersey, helps return confiscated turtles to the wild, including the 3,500 reptiles that Sommers is accused of snatching.
Sommers, who goes on trial in Philadelphia next week, is also charged with smuggling turtles to Canada in 2014 in a package falsely labeled as a book.
Attempts by Reuters to reach Sommers’ attorney for comment were unsuccessful.
To be sure, the full extent of the underground turtle trade is unknown. But wildlife advocates says buyers in Hong Kong and China accounted for 55 percent of legal exports of U.S. live, wild turtles from 2011 to 2015, the most recent data available. That trade was worth $31 million.
Legal exports have declined in recent years as states tighten protections. In August Texas became the latest to ban commercial turtle hunts, with only six states still allowing unlimited turtle trapping.