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Mar 12, 2018

State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release.

  Bureau of Labor Statistics

bls.gov

State Employment and Unemployment Summary


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Monday, March 12, 2018                                  USDL-18-0372

Technical information:
 Employment:   (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment: (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact: (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                 STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JANUARY 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in January in 6 states and the District of Columbia and
stable in 44 states, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sixteen states
had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier and 34 states and the District had little
or no change. The national unemployment rate was unchanged from December at 4.1 percent
but was 0.7 percentage point lower than in January 2017.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 3 states in January 2018, decreased in 1 state,
and was essentially unchanged in 46 states and the District of Columbia. Over the year,
21 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 29 states and the District were essentially
unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in January, 2.1 percent. The rates in Alabama
(3.7 percent), California (4.4 percent), Maine (3.0 percent), and Mississippi (4.6
percent) set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest
jobless rate, 7.3 percent. In total, 18 states had unemployment rates lower than the
U.S. figure of 4.1 percent, 9 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates,
and 23 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation.
(See tables A and 1.)

   ________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                |
  |                  Changes to Employment and Unemployment Data                   |
  |                                                                                |
  |In accordance with standard practices, historical data have been revised in the |
  |tables of this news release. For detailed information on changes to the data,   |
  |see the box notes at the end of the news release.                               |
  |________________________________________________________________________________|


In January, six states had unemployment rate decreases: Kentucky, Mississippi, and
Ohio (-0.2 percentage point each) and California, Maine, and Wisconsin (-0.1 point
each). The District of Columbia also had a rate decline (-0.1 percentage point). The
remaining 44 states had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of
a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as
the significant changes.

Sixteen states had unemployment rate changes from January 2017, all of which were
decreases. The largest decline occurred in Alabama (-1.8 percentage points), followed
by Louisiana and Tennessee (-1.2 points each). (See table B.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Three states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in January
2018: California (+35,500, or +0.2 percent), New Jersey (+13,000, or +0.3 percent),
and Maryland (+12,900, or +0.5 percent). One state had an over-the-month decrease in
nonfarm payroll employment in January: North Dakota (-2,600, or -0.6 percent). (See
tables C and 3.)

Twenty-one states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in
January. The largest job gains occurred in California (+400,100), Texas (+240,500),
and Florida (+150,900). The largest percentage gain occurred in Utah (+3.1 percent),
followed by Idaho, Nevada, and Washington (+2.8 percent each). (See table D.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for January is scheduled
to be released on Friday, March 16, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The State Employment
and Unemployment news release for February is scheduled to be released on Friday,
March 23, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


    _________________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                                 |
   |                Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data               |
   |                                                                                 |
   |On Tuesday, February 27, 2018, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for|
   |the states, the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate areas presented in|
   |tables 1 and 2 of this news release were revised to incorporate updated inputs,  |
   |new population controls, reestimation of models, and adjustment to new census    |
   |division and national control totals. In addition, a new procedure for seasonally|
   |adjusting the data was implemented. While the not seasonally adjusted data were  |
   |subject to revision from 2013 forward, the seasonally adjusted data were revised |
   |back to 1976. Information on the new seasonal adjustment procedure is available  |
   |at www.bls.gov/lau/ssachanges2018.htm.                                           |
   |_________________________________________________________________________________|


    _________________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                                 |
   |               Changes to Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data               |
   |                                                                                 |
   |Effective with this news release, nonfarm payroll estimates for states and       |
   |metropolitan areas (tables 3 and 4) have been revised as a result of annual      |
   |benchmark processing to reflect 2017 employment counts primarily from the BLS    |
   |Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), as well as updated seasonal     |
   |adjustment factors. Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2016 and   |
   |seasonally adjusted data beginning with January 2013 were subject to revision.   |
   |Some seasonally adjusted series may have been revised back to 1990.              |
   |                                                                                 |
   |Also effective with the release of January 2018 estimates, the CES program       |
   |converted to concurrent seasonal adjustment, which uses all available estimates, |
   |including those for the current month, in developing seasonal factors.           | 
   |Previously, the CES program developed seasonal factors once a year during the    |
   |annual benchmark process.                                                        |
   |                                                                                 |
   |In addition, the data were updated to the 2017 North American Industry           |
   |Classification System (NAICS) from the 2012 NAICS. This update resulted in minor |
   |changes to several industries. Information on the 2017 NAICS updates, concurrent |
   |seasonal adjustment, and annual benchmark processing is available at             |
   |www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.                                              |
   |_________________________________________________________________________________|


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., January 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.1
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.3
Colorado ............................|           3.0
District of Columbia ................|           5.8
Hawaii ..............................|           2.1
Idaho ...............................|           3.0
Illinois ............................|           4.8
Indiana .............................|           3.3
Iowa ................................|           2.9
Kansas ..............................|           3.5
Maine ...............................|           3.0
                                     |              
Massachusetts .......................|           3.5
Minnesota ...........................|           3.3
Nebraska ............................|           2.9
Nevada ..............................|           4.9
New Hampshire .......................|           2.6
New Mexico ..........................|           5.9
New York ............................|           4.7
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
Ohio ................................|           4.7
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.8
                                     |              
South Dakota ........................|           3.4
Tennessee ...........................|           3.3
Utah ................................|           3.1
Vermont .............................|           2.9
Virginia ............................|           3.6
Washington ..........................|           4.7
West Virginia .......................|           5.4
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.1
--------------------------------------------------------------
   1 Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from January 2017 to January 2018, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  January  |  January  |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2018(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     5.5   |     3.7   |      -1.8
California .....................|     5.2   |     4.4   |       -.8
Florida ........................|     4.6   |     3.9   |       -.7
Georgia ........................|     5.3   |     4.5   |       -.8
Hawaii .........................|     2.7   |     2.1   |       -.6
Idaho ..........................|     3.5   |     3.0   |       -.5
Iowa ...........................|     3.4   |     2.9   |       -.5
Kentucky .......................|     5.2   |     4.3   |       -.9
Louisiana ......................|     5.8   |     4.6   |      -1.2
Minnesota ......................|     3.8   |     3.3   |       -.5
                                |           |           |
Mississippi ....................|     5.4   |     4.6   |       -.8
New Mexico .....................|     6.5   |     5.9   |       -.6
Tennessee ......................|     4.5   |     3.3   |      -1.2
Texas ..........................|     4.8   |     4.0   |       -.8
Virginia .......................|     4.0   |     3.6   |       -.4
Wyoming ........................|     4.7   |     4.1   |       -.6
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
December 2017 to January 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |   December  |   January   |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |   2018(p)   |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
California ...................|  17,002,900 |  17,038,400 |      35,500 |      0.2
Maryland .....................|   2,716,100 |   2,729,000 |      12,900 |       .5
New Jersey ...................|   4,146,800 |   4,159,800 |      13,000 |       .3
North Dakota .................|     426,200 |     423,600 |      -2,600 |      -.6
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
January 2017 to January 2018, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |   January   |   January   |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |   2018(p)   |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona ......................|   2,742,800 |   2,801,500 |      58,700 |      2.1
California ...................|  16,638,300 |  17,038,400 |     400,100 |      2.4
Colorado .....................|   2,626,500 |   2,693,900 |      67,400 |      2.6
Florida ......................|   8,519,600 |   8,670,500 |     150,900 |      1.8
Georgia ......................|   4,421,300 |   4,486,600 |      65,300 |      1.5
Idaho ........................|     708,900 |     728,600 |      19,700 |      2.8
Illinois .....................|   6,034,300 |   6,081,400 |      47,100 |       .8
Michigan .....................|   4,355,100 |   4,400,300 |      45,200 |      1.0
Missouri .....................|   2,856,100 |   2,885,500 |      29,400 |      1.0
Nevada .......................|   1,323,400 |   1,361,100 |      37,700 |      2.8
                              |             |             |             |       
New Jersey ...................|   4,109,100 |   4,159,800 |      50,700 |      1.2
New York .....................|   9,476,800 |   9,570,200 |      93,400 |      1.0
North Carolina ...............|   4,387,700 |   4,457,900 |      70,200 |      1.6
Oklahoma .....................|   1,647,500 |   1,673,900 |      26,400 |      1.6
Oregon .......................|   1,851,200 |   1,901,800 |      50,600 |      2.7
Pennsylvania .................|   5,923,100 |   5,987,300 |      64,200 |      1.1
South Carolina ...............|   2,084,300 |   2,113,100 |      28,800 |      1.4
Tennessee ....................|   2,993,500 |   3,025,500 |      32,000 |      1.1
Texas ........................|  12,127,800 |  12,368,300 |     240,500 |      2.0
Utah .........................|   1,449,900 |   1,495,200 |      45,300 |      3.1
Washington ...................|   3,285,700 |   3,376,700 |      91,000 |      2.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.