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Oct 26, 2016

NYT | Briefing : U.S. Election, Mosul, Paul Beatty - October 26, 2016

nytimes.com

Sean Alfano
Donald J. Trump at an election event on Tuesday with employees of his Trump National Doral Miami resort. Eric Thayer for The New York Times
Here’s what you need to know:
• Less than two weeks until Election Day.
As Donald J. Trump has opened a new line of attack against Hillary Clinton, blaming her for the sharp increases expected next year for Affordable Care Act health insurance premiums, some of his allies are fanning the flames for a postelection revolt against the House speaker, Representative Paul D. Ryan.

The latest hacked emails released by WikiLeaks show how the White House and Mrs. Clinton’s campaign scrambled when news broke about her use of a private server as secretary of state. The details emerged as a former Republican head of the State Department, Colin L. Powell, said he would vote for Mrs. Clinton.
Mostly sunny and cool
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Off the campaign trail.
The Times obtained more than five hours of interviews that Mr. Trump granted to a reporter in 2014, before beginning his run for president. They reveal his fears of public embarrassment and a fixation on his own celebrity. He also said, “I don’t like to analyze myself because I might not like what I see.”
Separately, the former speaker of the House Newt Gingrich accused the Fox News anchor Megyn Kelly during a discussion about Mr. Trump of being “fascinated with sex” because of her reporting on accusations made by several women that the Republican nominee groped or forcibly kissed them.
• What it’s like to be hit by a car bomb.
Last week, our photographer Bryan Denton was covering the push by Iraqi forces toward Mosul, the city they are attempting to take back from Islamic State control. After a day of near misses by suicide car bombs, one hit the convoy that was carrying Mr. Denton.
He survived and has written a first-person account of the attack: “I’d been incredibly lucky,” he said.
• Global migrant crisis.
More than 3,700 people have died this year crossing the Mediterranean from North Africa to Europe, the United Nations said, a sharp rise poised to surpass last year’s total. A U.N. spokesman said smuggling was “on an almost industrial scale.”
In France, the clearing of the camp known as the Jungle continues, but hostility awaits many of its residents as they are taken to new shelters across the country.
• Future of the U.S. military.
The Pentagon is spending billions of dollars on the kind of weaponry imagined in science fiction. We look at the marriage of arms and artificial intelligence, and the rising alarm among scientists and activists about a robot arms race.
And here are some of the movies and novels that have shaped the discussion of A.I. arsenals.

Business

• A glut of cash in Europe and Asia that is being pumped into the U.S. bond market has many economists warning of a looming crisis. They say the situation echoes a wave of investment in the years right before last decade’s financial meltdown.
• Earlier, we told you about President Obama’s affinity for the technology industry. Today, we look at his efforts to bring Silicon Valley and Washington closer. Our writer asks if this is a good thing.
Beer in Colorado. That was the first commercial delivery made by Otto, the self-driving vehicle operation owned by Uber.
• U.S. stocks were down on Tuesday. Here’s a snapshot of global markets.

Market Snapshot View Full Overview

  • FTSE 100–0.86%
  • Nikkei+0.15%closed
  • Shanghai–0.46%closed

Noteworthy

Literary first.
Paul Beatty’s novel “The Sellout” won the Man Booker Prize — the first time an American writer has received the award. The judges were unanimous in their decision on Mr. Beatty’s satire about race in America. Here’s our review of the novel.
In his acceptance speech, Mr. Beatty waded into one of the literary world’s most heated debates. “Anybody can write what they want,” he said. “Cultural appropriation goes every direction.”
World Series Game 1.
The Cleveland Indians took a 1-0 lead over the Chicago Cubs in the best-of-seven series with a 6-0 win on Tuesday. Roberto Perez hit two home runs for Cleveland. Game 2 is an hour earlier tonight because of rain in the forecast (7 p.m. Eastern, Fox).
“You look great. No, really.”
We’ve all lied once in a while to spare someone’s feelings, but a new study looks at how fibbing could turn into serial dishonesty.
The findings suggested that an area of the brain associated with emotional responses could become desensitized to lying.
• Recipes of the day.
To keep it simple, try this roast chicken, or our take on cornbread. Both will give your cast iron pan a workout.

Back Story

Military skirmishes between Pakistan and India occur with distressing frequency in Kashmir. The most recent set off a debate about whether the people of one nationality should be entertained by actors of the other.
The source of the friction was set on this day in 1947, when the ruler of what had been the Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir signed a declaration giving control of the territory to India.
Associated Press
Maharajah Hari Singh had hoped to steer Kashmir through independence from Britain into its own independent identity, just as India and Pakistan were doing.
An invasion by tribesmen from Pakistan’s northern frontier left Singh desperate for military aid. A Hindu, he secured the help from India — at the cost of independence for his predominantly Muslim people.
The post-independence war between India and Pakistan left Pakistan in control of the northern and western parts of Kashmir, and China won control over areas in the east during the Sino-Indian war of 1962.
A long-running insurgency as well as regional unrest have added to the instability of competing territorial claims, and the Indian government has often turned to heavy-handed tactics.
Even so, some Kashmiris still hope the maharajah’s quest for independence will one day succeed.
Sho Spaeth contributed reporting.