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Sep 15, 2016

FRG Press Release: G.17 - Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization - September 15, 2016

www.federalreserve.gov


Industrial production decreased 0.4 percent in August after rising 0.6 percent in July. Manufacturing output also declined 0.4 percent in August, reversing its increase in July; the level of the index in August is little changed from its level in March. Following two consecutive monthly increases, the index for utilities fell back 1.4 percent in August. Even so, the index was 1.7 percent above its year-earlier level, as hot temperatures this summer boosted the usage of air conditioning. The output of mining moved up 1.0 percent in August, its fourth consecutive monthly increase following an extended downturn; the index, however, was still about 9 percent below its year-ago level. At 104.4 percent of its 2012 average, total industrial production in August was 1.1 percent lower than its year-earlier level. Capacity utilization for the industrial sector decreased 0.4 percentage point in August to 75.5 percent, a rate that is 4.5 percentage points below its long-run (1972–2015) average.

Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization: Summary

Seasonally adjusted
Industrial production 2012=100 Percent change
2016 2016 Aug. '15 to
Aug. '16
Mar.[r] Apr.[r] May[r] June[r] July[r] Aug.[p] Mar.[r] Apr.[r] May[r] June[r] July[r] Aug.[p]
       
Total index 103.4 103.9 103.7 104.3 104.9 104.4 -.9 .5 -.2 .5 .6 -.4 -1.1
Previous estimates 103.4 103.9 103.7 104.1 104.9   -1.0 .5 -.2 .4 .7    
       
Major market groups
Final Products 99.6 100.8 100.5 101.0 101.4 101.0 -1.0 1.2 -.3 .5 .3 -.3 -.8
Consumer goods 102.2 103.7 103.2 103.9 104.4 104.1 -1.1 1.4 -.4 .7 .4 -.2 .1
Business equipment 101.2 102.4 102.3 102.8 102.9 102.5 -.6 1.2 -.2 .5 .1 -.4 -1.4
Nonindustrial supplies 105.5 105.7 105.3 105.4 105.9 105.1 -1.0 .2 -.3 .1 .4 -.8 .0
Construction 110.3 110.3 109.4 109.1 109.5 108.8 -.9 .1 -.8 -.3 .4 -.6 .4
Materials 105.9 105.7 105.7 106.4 107.3 106.8 -.9 -.2 .0 .6 .9 -.5 -1.8
       
Major industry groups
Manufacturing (see note below) 102.9 103.0 102.8 103.0 103.4 103.0 -.4 .1 -.2 .2 .4 -.4 -.4
Previous estimates 102.9 103.0 102.8 103.1 103.6   -.4 .1 -.2 .3 .5    
Mining 106.3 103.2 104.0 104.3 104.5 105.6 -2.2 -2.9 .8 .3 .2 1.0 -9.3
Utilities 96.3 102.3 101.8 104.8 107.0 105.5 -4.0 6.2 -.5 2.9 2.1 -1.4 1.7
Capacity utilization Percent of capacity Capacity
growth
Average
1972-
2015
1988-
89
high
1990-
91
low
1994-
95
high

2009
low

2015
Aug.
   
2016 Aug. '15 to
Aug. '16
Mar.[r] Apr.[r] May[r] June[r] July[r] Aug.[p]
       
Total industry 80.0 85.3 78.8 85.0 66.7 76.7 74.9 75.2 75.1 75.5 75.9 75.5 .4
Previous estimates             74.9 75.2 75.1 75.4 75.9    
       
Manufacturing (see note below) 78.5 85.6 77.3 84.6 63.8 75.7 75.0 75.1 74.8 75.0 75.2 74.8 .7
Previous estimates             75.0 75.0 74.8 75.0 75.4    
Mining 87.3 86.2 83.8 88.6 79.0 82.0 75.3 73.4 74.2 74.7 75.2 76.2 -2.4
Utilities 85.8 93.2 84.7 93.2 78.2 79.7 73.7 78.2 77.8 80.0 81.7 80.4 .7
       
Stage-of-process groups
Crude 86.3 87.6 84.5 90.1 77.0 80.5 75.9 74.3 75.1 75.5 76.1 76.7 -1.9
Primary and semifinished 80.6 86.5 78.1 87.8 63.8 76.4 74.5 75.3 75.0 75.7 76.2 75.6 .9
Finished 77.0 83.4 77.3 80.6 66.6 75.8 75.0 75.4 75.2 75.2 75.4 75.0 .7
r Revised. p Preliminary.
Market Groups
The indexes for all major market groups declined in August. The output of consumer goods decreased 0.2 percent as a result of a large drop in consumer energy products and a small decline in consumer non-energy nondurables. The output of consumer durables was unchanged; a gain in automotive products was offset by declines in all of its other components. Business equipment posted a decrease of 0.4 percent, as gains of 1 percent or more for transit equipment and for information processing equipment were outweighed by a cutback of nearly 2 percent for industrial and other equipment. The output of defense and space equipment declined 0.6 percent. The indexes for construction supplies and business supplies moved down 0.6 percent and 0.8 percent, respectively. The production of materials decreased 0.5 percent: Both durable and energy materials posted declines, while the output of nondurable materials was unchanged. The reduction in the index for durable materials reflected similarly sized losses across all its major categories.
Industry Groups
Manufacturing output declined 0.4 percent in August; the index was also 0.4 percent below its level of a year earlier. In August, the production of nondurables moved down 0.2 percent, and the indexes for durables and for other manufacturing (publishing and logging) fell 0.6 percent and 0.7 percent, respectively. Many durable goods industries posted declines of nearly 1 percent or more, with the largest drop, 1.9 percent, recorded by machinery. Within nondurables, gains for food, beverage, and tobacco products and for paper were more than offset by declines elsewhere; the largest decrease, 2.1 percent, was recorded by textile and product mills.
The index for mining moved up 1.0 percent in August, with a decline in coal mining outweighed by increases in the indexes for oil and gas extraction, for oil well drilling and servicing, and for metal ore and nonmetallic mineral mining.
Capacity utilization for manufacturing decreased 0.4 percentage point in August to 74.8 percent, a rate that is 3.7 percentage points below its long-run average. The operating rate for nondurables moved down 0.2 percentage point; the rates for durables and for other manufacturing (publishing and logging) each declined 0.5 percentage point. The operating rate for mining moved up 1.0 percentage point to 76.2 percent, while the rate for utilities decreased 1.3 percentage points to 80.4 percent.
Note. The statistics in this release cover output, capacity, and capacity utilization in the U.S. industrial sector, which is defined by the Federal Reserve to comprise manufacturing, mining, and electric and gas utilities. Mining is defined as all industries in sector 21 of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS); electric and gas utilities are those in NAICS sectors 2211 and 2212. Manufacturing comprises NAICS manufacturing industries (sector 31-33) plus the logging industry and the newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishing industries. Logging and publishing are classified elsewhere in NAICS (under agriculture and information respectively), but historically they were considered to be manufacturing and were included in the industrial sector under the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. In December 2002 the Federal Reserve reclassified all its industrial output data from the SIC system to NAICS.

G.17 Release Tables:

Summary: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization
Chart 1: Industrial Production, Capacity, and Capacity Utilization
Chart 2: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization
Chart 3: Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization, High Technology Industries
Table 1: Industrial Production: Market and Industry Groups (percent change)
Table 2: Industrial Production: Special Aggregates and Selected Detail (percent change)
Table 3: Motor Vehicle Assemblies
Table 4: Industrial Production Indexes: Market and Industry Group Summary
Table 5: Industrial Production Indexes: Special Aggregates
Table 6: Diffusion Indexes of Industrial Production
Table 7: Capacity Utilization: Manufacturing, Mining, and Utilities
Table 8: Industrial Capacity: Manufacturing, Mining, and Utilities (percent change)
Table 9: Industrial Production: Gross Value of Products and Nonindustrial Supplies
Table 10: Gross-Value-Weighted Industrial Production: Stage-of-Process Groups
Table 11: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Total Industry
Table 12: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Manufacturing
Table 13: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Total Industry excluding Selected High-Technology Industries
Table 14: Historical Statistics for IP, Capacity, and Utilization: Manufacturing excluding Selected High-Technology Industries
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Last update: September 15, 2016